It is common for seniors to want to live independently as long as they are able. Although it is always worth looking into assisted care facilities, this can often be a problem for a senior’s self-esteem as they feel that their independence is at risk. Seniors would generally prefer to find a way to stay on their own and maintain their independence by making other alterations to their lives. Often this can mean modifying their current homes to allow for any mobility restrictions or moving into a new home that already makes it easier for mobility. One of the toughest challenges for seniors to overcome in their homes is stairs. Stairs can become a large problem for seniors with mobility restrictions, but can also be the cause of falls, which can be the cause of mobility restrictions.
Available Options for Stair Modifications
It is definitely possible for seniors looking to maintain their independence to make modifications to their homes to help them be able to stay in their homes. These modifications will not just help seniors to feel independent, but can also help them to feel safe. Home modifications have been the solution for seniors for many years, but more technologies and modifications for the home are being introduced all the time. Certain simple modifications can eliminate many in home accidents.
Reorganizing Living Space: Many seniors who live in homes that are difficult to renovate, or who do not have the means to afford renovations may choose to reorganize their homes so that the main floor becomes their main living area to avoid climbing up the stairs. For this to work, seniors will need living space, a bedroom, bathroom and kitchen. Not all homes are built to accommodate this style of living, so it may not be possible for all seniors to modify in this way.
Renovating: Many seniors choose to renovate their homes by installing a chairlift, stairlift or even elevator. These renovations can be quite costly and not all homes are fit or able to accommodate these changes, but for those homes that are, these options can be great for seniors who are facing mobility issues.
Relocating: For seniors who are living in a home that may be hard to modify, the possibility of moving to a home with less stairs can be an option. There are many homes available that will allow seniors to spread their belongings out throughout one floor.
For many seniors, these options are much more attractive as they prevent them from needing to move to assisted care facilities. Seniors will feel more comfortable and independent in their own homes.
Becoming a caregiver for one of your loved ones can have a large impact on your life and will often change the type of person you are. Changes will occur not only in your work and social life, but also most likely in you. This is because becoming a caregiver, is usually a selfless act that will teach you a lot about yourself and about helping others. Usually the changes in your life and personality are positive. Caregivers are often more empathetic and compassionate people; however, caregivers also tend to struggle with negative consequences. The negatives many caregivers face include exhaustion, stress and even sometimes anxiety from the challenging work they face in their day to day life. Unfortunately, these stresses can affect your day to day life and personal relationships.
Becoming a caregiver requires a lot of work and the ability to be a decision-maker. Not only are you responsible for your life (and possibly the lives of your children and spouse), but now you are also responsible for an elderly loved one. Caregiving is a job that will help you to become more assertive and also one that will force you to make choices; however, it is important to note that it is not your job to parent your elderly loved one. Although they may need help, it is important to also allow them to maintain as much independence as possible, without taking over. This can be avoided by having discussions with your loved ones to see what they need from you and what they are able to do on their own.
As a caregiver, you are now responsible for keeping track of the things that are going on in your life as well as your elderly loved one’s life. It requires great organization when a person is depending on you to drop them off for an appointment, or make sure they are eating properly. For some people, this sort of organization does not come naturally, and it is a great learning curve. This can be a struggle at first and some may never be able to fully keep on top of everything. Implementing a system to organize everything can be a great help for yourself as well as your loved one.
Stress and Anxiety
Caregiving is a tough job and not everyone is able to do it. Some have a hard time taking on a caregiving role, while others find it comes extremely naturally. The job can require a lot of time and effort which can induce stress and anxiety. For those suffering, it is important to take care of yourself. You will be unable to do your job to your fullest potential if you are not at your best.
If you are a person who is able to overcome this stress and anxiety, caregiving can be an extremely gratifying occupation. It will help you to be more organized and to be able to be more assertive. These are qualities that will help not only in caregiving, but in your personal life as well.
Exercise is always an important aspect of a person’s life, no matter what age they are. For many seniors, exercise can be difficult because their bodies do not respond to movement in the same way. For seniors that do not have mobility issues, exercise is much less limited. Going for walks, taking exercise classes, swimming and many other activities are great for these seniors as they are generally low impact and prevent further injury to the body. For seniors that have mobility restrictions, creating an exercise regime is a lot more difficult. Although the increased difficulty may be discouraging, it is important for these seniors to find out an exercise plan that works for them.
It may be hard to get started on finding an exercise plan that works for you, but it’s important to figure out exercises that you are able to complete. When figuring out an exercise plan that works best for you, a good first step is to speak to your doctor about what they feel you will or won’t be able to do, or certain exercises you should avoid to prevent any injury. Your doctor will be aware of not only your mobility issues, but they will also be able to speak to any other health issues that may affect your ability to exercise. Your doctor will know how much exercise you are able to undertake and how much you should engage with on a daily or weekly basis.
Once you have spoken to your doctor, you will be able to evaluate and begin your plan for exercising. Motivation is a big factor in exercise for any person and a good way to keep motivated is to set goals for yourself. Exercise goals for seniors with mobility issues shouldn’t be unrealistic. This means setting attainable goals will help you to keep motivated and to continue with your exercise regime.
Here are a few types of exercise that work well for seniors with mobility issues:
Water aerobics: Water exercises are great because flotation devices can be used to assist seniors in floating whilst they still get to use the resistance. For example, for seniors who do not have the use of their legs, a flotation device can be worn to support their weight while still using their arms to move through the water.
Resistance Training and weights: The great thing about resistance bands and weights is that they require little movement and can come is various sizes. For instance, seniors can start out using 5 lbs weights and doing just a few reps a day and as they strengthen, they will be able to start increasing the weight or the amount of reps they are performing.
When discussing the well being of caregivers, the most common topic is stress relief and mental health. This is because being a caregiver can often be a stressful position that can affect the mental health of the person. Although this is a huge concern for the well being of caregivers, there are also physical ailments and sicknesses that can affect caregivers more so than the average person. It is important to look at any possible or common sicknesses, ailments or injuries that could affect a caregiver and use techniques to prevent any of them from manifesting.
Many caregivers are often required to do a lot of lifting, which can cause back problems. Many seniors require help being lifted or just general support in their daily life. It is important for caregivers to lift properly to avoid injuring their backs. Important tips when lifting are to lift with your legs and not your back, ensure that you are standing in a stable position and make sure that you don’t have locked knees. It can also help to try to distribute weight evenly, especially when moving the senior sideways. Bending forward can further injure your back or strain your neck.
Catching Common Sickness
When you are a caregiver, you are in charge of the well being of a person who is much more susceptible to sickness than you are. This makes it much easier for you to catch sicknesses because you are in such close contact with them. Making sure to wash your hands often can help as well as avoiding touching your face or eating if you haven’t washed your hands. Its also important to make sure you get lots of sleep and eat a well-balanced diet.
Care for Yourself as Well
One of the most important aspects of being a caregiver is ensuring that you also care for yourself. If you are sick or injured, it affects your ability to provide the essential care to your client or family member. In caring for yourself, you are making sure that those that rely on you will be able to continue to do so. Caring for yourself can include eating well and exercising. This will keep you strength up and also will keep you feeling well and able. Another way to keep yourself healthy is to go see your doctor often for checkups. Since you are caring for a person who is much more vulnerable than you are, it is important that you don’t pass along any sicknesses that could be a huge detriment to their health.
There are many benefits to having your elderly parent move in with you including being able to keep a closer eye on their well-being as well as being able to spend more time with them. Although there can be a lot of benefits to your parents living with you, it is an extremely large decision with many factors to consider. The emotional and physical needs of your parent should be considered along with the expense, and physical and emotional toll that living together will take on you. If you decide to have your parent move in with you, it is important for you to realize the scope of what is required of their care and how you will best meet any care requirements.
Are You Able to Provide the Necessary Care?
Not everyone is capable of becoming a caregiver and it is important to realize what sort of care your parent needs and if you are willing and able to provide it. If your parent has either a medical or mental health illness that requires the attention of someone who has medical training, becoming your parent’s caregiver does not necessarily make sense. Whereas, if your parent has minimal health issues and is still independent in most ways, the care required will also be minimum and you will be able to spend more time as a family in general, but still have your own space.
Can Your Home Accommodate Your Parent?
Many seniors have mobility issues and your home may not be modified in an accessible way. If this is the case, it may be a large expense fitting your home to include your parent. For seniors who are unable to climb stairs, a main level bedroom and bathroom will be required. This can mean costly renovations and also a significant decrease in common space within your home. Issues of privacy must also be considered to ensure that both you and any other family members as well as your parent feel that they have personal space.
Do You Get Along?
Many parent/child relationships can be strained and it is important to ask yourself whether you and your parent get along. Do you fight a lot, or have you always been on the same page? Although conflict can be normal, it is imperative that before moving your parent in with you that you evaluate your past relationship. Living together and acting as your parent’s caregiver will be a high stress situation and if you already have relationship problems, they are likely to be exacerbated when you live in close quarters.
The Rest of the Household
Although both your and your parent’s opinions on a potential move-in situation are key, it is also important to find out how the rest of the people within the household will be affected. Evaluate the relationships that your spouse or children have with your parent and make sure that this move-in is a good fit for everyone. Encourage your family to be open about their feelings to ensure that everyone feels their opinion is respected.
For many people, ensuring that those seniors with visual impairments aren’t bored and have plenty to do is extremely important. Not only is this an issue in assisted living facilities and senior homes, but also for seniors living at home. Activities, games and events should be accessible to those with visual impairments because it is generally not too much trouble to adapt them to include aids for people who don’t have the best sight. The inclusion of adaptations to these activities can make a huge difference in the life of a senior with visual impairment who may often face isolation or boredom as they are unable to contribute or participate with others who are able to see.
There are many ways to adapt activities to assist visually impaired seniors and keep them included in their surroundings. Whether this involves using large print (such as large print edition books) which allows seniors to be able to read books they would have otherwise have been unable to read due to the small size of the text, or involving more audio so they are able to use their ears instead of their eyes to participate. Another option for a lot of seniors who are visually impaired is to play games, or participate in activities with the assistance of another person who does not have any visual impairments. This way, that person will be able to explain and assist the visually impaired senior in participation. This is important to prevent isolation, boredom and the ability to be involved in a group activity.
Cards and Board Games
Cards and board games are some of the easiest things to adapt for visually impaired seniors. This is because they mostly rely on physical game pieces that must be read or seen. These types of games don’t usually require any abstract description, so they are easy for visually impaired seniors to learn and understand. To help these seniors, trying using large print cards, or those that have raised numbers. This way seniors will be able to play the game without needing someone else to read the card over their shoulders to tell them what cards they have. The same can be done with board games. Many companies sell adapted versions of their games. For instance, dominoes has an adaptive version with raised black dots on the tile. This means that visually impaired seniors can feel which numbers are on the tile for themselves without struggling to see the numbers.
Shows and Events
Many shows and events now include audio description intended for the visually impaired. Audio description is often available at art and history museums and theatres. Options at live plays are available as well as movie theatres which try to have described video in the same way that television does for the most popular shows.
Although it can seem difficult to a senior who is visually impaired to participate with friends and family in certain activities, it is important that they feel included. Having these activities adapted for inclusion of the visually impaired can make a massive difference in a senior’s quality of life.
Although not every hospital visit is avoidable, some visits can be preventable and with the help of caregivers, seniors can evade being admitted into the hospital. Many caregivers provide twenty-four hour support for their seniors, or are with them often enough to monitor changes in both physical and mental health. The caregiver plays an important part in a senior’s life because they are so involved. It is often up to the caregiver to notice changes in habits, general health and how the senior is feeling. It is important that seniors are also very open with their caregivers about how they feel and any changes they notice so that the caregiver can assess a given situation and decide upon the best course of action. The senior and the caregiver need to work as a team to combat any possible health issues that may develop.
One of the first signs of changing health can be observed through a senior’s diet. If a senior’s diet drastically changes, or if a loss of appetite is observed, it may be a sign of a bigger issue. Change in diet cab signal many different physical issues, but also mental ailments such as depression.
Many seniors are on different medications for their various health issues. It is important that seniors follow the instructions for taking these medications. For instance, some medications require being taken on an empty stomach, full stomach, or at a specific time each day. Following these strict medication requirements can be difficult, especially if a senior is on multiple medications that all require different specifications. A caregiver can be hugely instrumental in helping seniors to take medications at the right time in the right way which can help to prevent further health issues for seniors.
Many seniors have some form of mobility issue. Whether a senior requires a cane, walker or wheelchair to be able to move around, caregivers can be involved in assisting seniors getting the place they need to be. This can include helping seniors to remove clutter from their homes and creating large pathways between rooms, but can also include physically assisting seniors when they want to go to a different room or to any place outside of the home.
General Safety Issues
Generally speaking, caregivers are most likely to be the first person in a senior’s life to notice and address any safety issue. If an entryway looks like a tripping hazard, a caregiver is more likely to notice it before the senior in their care trips over it. This is because caregivers are tuned into their senior’s needs and are able to think about how different situations or conditions will affect the person they are care for. Always staying vigilant will bee important for caregivers when it comes to keeping seniors safe and preventing unnecessary hospital visits.
For many seniors, moving is a big decision that can be dependent upon a lot of factors. A lot of seniors don’t have the choice when moving because they are unable to stay in their homes on their own, while some seniors choose to downsize or move into senior care facilities so that they have extra care options available to them. For some seniors, the choice of moving is mostly about where they are moving. A lot of seniors will choose to move closer to their relatives for a multitude of reasons. This could be to spend more time with children or grandchildren, to have family available to help care for you as you age or even to help care for your family. No matter the reason, it is important to think through the effects this move will have on you and your family.
Expectations and Commitments
If you are moving to be closer to family on the pretense that you will be helping to watch grandchildren, or that your children will be helping to care for you, it is important to have open and honest conversations about this ahead of time. During these conversations, each party can express what they expect the situation to be like, so that no one feels they are being taken advantage of later. It is better to have an idea going in what any future commitments each party will have before you make the big move. Once everyone is on the same page, the move and any changes incurred by it will be acknowledged and addressed.
It is hard to leave the place you live because you have ties to the community and any friends you may have there. It is important when moving to be closer to your family that you aren’t moving just for them. Although it makes sense for your family to be a large part of why you move, you should have other things in your life in your new home. Perhaps this includes joining a club, taking a class or volunteering. Making new friends and connections in your new home is important because you don’t want there to be any resentment towards family members. The decision should be agreed upon by both parties and should be based on a mutually beneficial relationship.
Changes and Support Systems
Moving to a new city is hard for anyone, but for seniors it can be especially difficult because they have given up their support systems and roots at home. It is important when considering moving to be with loved ones that you have a good support system in place to deal with all the changes that come with moving into a new home in a new place. As family members, it is important to help make the move as easy as possible, trying to keep a semblance of routine and help your senior loved one to adjust to the changes that come with a new home in a new place.
Unfortunately, many scam artists see seniors as easy targets for committing fraudulent schemes. The reason for this is that a lot of modern day scams rely on the internet, phone or even door to door and the trusting nature of the target. It’s hard to protect the seniors in your life because you can’t be with them day and night. Its important to take time to sit down with your loved ones and have discussions about the possibility of scam artists trying to commit fraud against them. There are many tips available to seniors that will help them to pick up on any red flags and avoid being scammed.
The most common scams come through emails, over the phone or in person from scam artists who come to the door. Helping them look over their email and unsubscribing or blocking emails from users they don’t know can help your loved ones to avoid these scams. These scams are easily able to ignore, but phone scams and in person scams are harder to avoid. It is important to help the seniors in your life to be more aware of the types of scams that are being targeted towards them and how to combat them.
Seniors should never transfer money or give their credit card or banking information to any unknown parties or companies no matter what it is for. Anytime they need to provide any banking or credit information, seniors should show great caution. It is also a good idea to suggest that the seniors in your life are monitoring their banking. This way they will know quickly if something suspicious is happening in their accounts.
Anytime seniors are asked to sign paperwork or a contract they should ensure they seek a second opinion. It is important to have someone they trust look over anything they are signing just to double check that everything is in order.
It is important that seniors do not give out their personal information, especially through email or over the phone. Passwords and your social insurance number are extremely important and secret and should not be shared. Scam artists can use this information to apply for credit cards and pay for goods and services using your identity. Seniors, who have often accumulated good credit scores, and considered easy targets for identity theft.
It is important for the seniors in your life to know you are available and un-judgmental in these situations. If something seems too good to be true, it probably is and if you set up a trusting and understanding relationship with any seniors in your life, they will be more likely to confide in you in these situations. That way you will be able to help coach and guide them away from any schemes or negative situations.
Whether or not we consider ourselves creative people, artistic activities can have large benefits for everyone. The more a person practices an activity the better they become as they develop the skills of that particular activity. Whether it be painting, drawing or writing poetry, using a creative outlet can have a great effect on confidence and can help seniors to express themselves.
Stimulate the Brain
For most people, loving art is natural. Whether it be reading great literature or appreciating great photographs or artwork. These activities can bring a lot of joy and can even evoke memories of the past. While appreciating the artwork of other can do this, partaking in art yourself can have these effects as well as seeing others to enjoy something you have created. Painting, drawing and other artistic activities can also be extremely relaxing for seniors and serve as a distraction for stress.
Any activity out of the ordinary day-to-day schedule can help to alleviate boredom. Crafting can be a great distraction for seniors as it is a good way to keep the mind preoccupied. Crafting or other artistic activities like painting and drawing take a lot of concentration which is great for seniors who suffer from depression or find themselves bored a lot of the time.
Improve Hand-Eye Coordination
Artistic activities can help improve dexterity. Crafting, painting or drawing all take a lot of focus as well as a lot of detailed movement. Using brush strokes, knitting, crocheting and a lot of other crafting requires the use of repetitive hand movements. This improves hand muscles and will help seniors in other daily activities.
A Sense of Purpose
Creative activities can also be a huge factor in creating a sense of purpose. Oftentimes, seniors struggle with finding purpose in life once they have retired, their kids have grown up and they have no other responsibilities. Having a creative outlet can help seniors to find a new purpose. Knitting a blanket for a grandchild or an embroidering a pillow for another family member can not only give a senior a sense of purpose, but also a sense of pride in their accomplishment and the joy they feel in sharing their hard work with a loved one.
Finding the Right Creative Outlet
Some seniors may feel that they don’t have the creative skills to craft or take part in any other artistic activities, but it just takes encouragement and practice to be able to learn any of these skills. For those seniors who feel they are not artistic enough to do more complex projects, try collaging or creating a scrapbook with old photographs.